There are several common foot ailments that may not be a major problem, but when you have diabetes, even the smallest problem can take a turn for the worse. As a diabetic, keeping a watchful eye over your feet can help you identify problems that can be easy to treat.
Most cases of ingrown toenails can be prevented by cutting your toenails properly. You should always use nail clippers designed for feet, not fingernail clippers or scissors. Trimming your toenails straight across and slightly rounding the corners will minimize the chance of them growing into your skin. An ingrown toenail is not only painful, but in the case of diabetics, even the slightest break in the skin could lead to major foot infection. If you have trouble trimming your toenails properly or cannot see them, ask your doctor about services they might offer. Even some local organizations may offer diabetic foot care to help people to maintain their feet safely.
Corns And Calluses
These hardened layers of skin may not be problematic on their own. They are your body's natural way of protecting itself from pressure. Under normal circumstances, you might file these areas so they are not uncomfortable when you walk or you might use retail products to remove them. Since you have no way of knowing what is under a corn or callus, it is best to ask your doctor about removal or management. For most corns and calluses, there is fresh skin under the hardened layer, but in some cases, the area might be open and ulcerated. The best way to deal with corns and calluses when you have diabetes is to allow your feet to soak in warm, soapy water, and gently removed softened, dead skin with a washcloth.
Some people have naturally cold feet and frequently wear socks, even in the warmer months, to keep their feet warm. Having cold feet can also be a sign that you need more iron, which can increased through diet and/or supplements. For diabetics, cold feet can also be a sign of a major problem. Over time diabetes can cause poor circulation, which can lead your feet to feel cold. Additionally, diabetes can also cause damage to the nerves in your feet, which further increases your incidence of foot injuries and infection. Make sure to tell your doctor about any changes in the way your feet feel, including numbness or pins and needles sensations.
As a diabetic, it is imperative to take care of your feet and speak with your doctor about seemingly minor foot problems. Taking care of your feet will decrease your chances of diabetes-related infections and amputations.